Here are some most commonly used Linux based distros and kits, which are specially meant for hacking!
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Thursday, October 17, 2013: Here's a list of Linux-based distros and kits that are especially used for Hacking, Security, Rescue etc. These distros are mainly used for pen-testing so that the vulnerabilities can be revealed and recovered or healed. These are the most commonly used Hacking/Security Distros.
Kali Linux is a distribution based on the Debian GNU/Linux distribution aimed at digital forensics and penetration testing use. It is named after backtracking, a search algorithm. Earlier known as BackTrack, the current version is Kali 1.0 release.
Helix3 Enterprise is a cyber security solution integrated into your network giving you visibility across your entire infrastructure revealing malicious activities such as Internet abuse, data sharing and harassment. H3E also allows you to isolate and respond to incidents or threats quickly and without user detection through a central administration tool. Helix3 Enterprise allows you to quickly Detect, Identify, Analyse, Preserve and Report giving you the evidence to reveal the truth and protect your business.
BackBox Linux is an Ubuntu-based distribution developed to perform penetration tests and security assessments. It is designed to be fast and easy to use. It provides a minimal yet complete desktop environment, thanks to its own software repositories, which are always updated to the latest stable versions of the most often used and best-known ethical hacking tools.
INSERT (Inside Security Rescue Toolkit) aims to be a multi-functional, multi-purpose disaster recovery and network analysis system. It runs from a credit card-sized CD-ROM for convenient transport or download and is basically a stripped-down version of Knoppix. INSERT provides full read-write support for NTFS-partitions using captive-ntfs.
PHLAK (Professional Hacker’s Linux Assault Kit) is a modular security distribution, geared to be used as a live CD. PHLAK was created to become the only tool security professionals would need to perform security analysis, penetration testing, forensics, and security auditing. PHLAK comes with two light GUIs (fluxbox and XFCE4), packages for printing, publishing, a little multimedia, many security tools, and a file cabinet full of security related documentation for your reading/educational purposes. This distro is based off of Morphix.
Trinity Rescue Kit (also known as TRK) is a free command-line Live CD Linux distribution created especially for rescuing Windows PCs. It is aimed specifically at offline operations for Windows and Linux systems such as rescue, repair, password resets and disk cloning. Its virus scan encompasses five antivirus programs.